Mills & Factories

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  1. Below Station A at Willamette Falls

    Below Station A at Willamette Falls - 1895

    This unusual view shows Station A, the first powerhouse used for the first long-distance transmission of electrical power in the United States. Transmission lines went 14 miles, from the Falls to Portland. Learn More
  2. Building Station B Electric Plant at Willamette Falls

    Building Station B Electric Plant at Willamette Falls - 1895

    The concrete foundation for the new Station B Electric Plant on the west bank at the Falls is in progress in this unusual view of its initial construction. Learn More
  3. Cans of Salmon, Warren Packing Co., Cathlamet - Ford

    Cans of Salmon, Warren Packing Co., Cathlamet - c. 1900

    Several hundred thousand cans of salmon stand ready for shipment in the Warren cannery in Cathlamet, Washington. Learn More
  4. Capen Shoe Company Factory, Willamette

    Capen Shoe Company Factory, Willamette - c. 1908

    Established by 1895 by Ellery Capen and his family, their shoe factory was to be the first of many industrial employers in the new community of Willamette. Learn More
  5. Card Room, Oregon City Woolen Mills

    Card Room, Oregon City Woolen Mill - 1918

    A 1918 view of the card room at Oregon City Woolen Mills, where wool fibers were separated and put in a thread-like form before spinning. Learn More
  6. Cleaning Up After the 1890 Flood, Oregon City - Prier

    Cleaning Up After the 1890 Flood, Oregon City

    Though not as high in 1861, the flood of 1890 caused extensive damage to buildings on both sides of the Willamette River. Learn More
  7. Cutting Room, Oregon City Woolen Mills

    Cutting Room, Oregon City Woolen Mills - 1918

    While specializing in blankets, Oregon City Woolen Mills also made socks,coats and other clothing. Learn More
  8. Dye House, Oregon City Woolen Mills

    Dye House, Oregon City Woolen Mills - 1918

    Dye houses were more than just "rooms" in a woolen mill; they were often built as separate buildings due to the fire hazard from the fully dried wool prepared for dying. Learn More
  9. Early Lumber Mill at Willamette Falls - Buchtel

    Early Lumber Mill at Willamette Falls - 1870s

    A small early sawmill occupies the northern end of Willamette Falls, with the newly completed locks visible on the far side. Learn More
  10. Falls of the Willamette River at Oregon City - The West Shore

    Falls of the Willamette River at Oregon City - 1887

    This exaggerated engraving of Willamette Falls was published in The West Shore magazine in Portland in August of 1887. Learn More
  11. First Iron Furnace in Oswego

    First Iron Furnace in Oswego - c. 1866

    This is probably the earliest photo of the first Oswego iron furnace, taken in 1866 - a year before Carleton Watkins came from California to create his series of views. Learn More
  12. Grist Mill at White River Falls - Hazeltine

    Grist Mill at White River Falls - c. 1895

    We are estimating the date of this photo, as photographer Hazeltine worked in Baker City from 1888 to 1903. Learn More
  13. Hawley Pulp & Paper Co., Mill A

    Hawley Pulp & Paper Co., Mill A - 1910s

    The Hawley mill opened 1909, and operated until 1948, when it was sold and became Publisher's Paper Company. Learn More
  14. Hawley Pulp & Paper Co., Mills B and C

    Hawley Pulp & Paper Co., Mills B and C - 1910s

    Looking downstream towards Hawley's Mills B and C, with the woolen mill building visible between them. Learn More
  15. Interior of Station B Power Plant, Willamette Falls

    Interior of Station B Power Plant, Willamette Falls - 1896

    This detailed view of Station B was created shortly after its completion in 1895. Learn More
  16. Large Hop Dryers Near Tacoma - Hadley

    Large Hop Dryers Near Tacoma - c. 1885

    This large-scale hop drying operation was photographed by Urban Hadley in the 1880s. By this time U.S. hop productions was shifting from New York to the Pacific Northwest. Learn More
  17. Loading Paper on a Barge, Crown-Willamette Paper Company

    Loading Paper on a Barge, Crown-Willamette Paper Company - c. 1920

    An unusual vantage point for a photo of Crown-Willamette Paper Company gives us a good view of a crew loading paper on a barge, using hand-trucks. Learn More
  18. Log Rafts Below Willamette Falls Locks

    Log Rafts Below Willamette Falls Locks - c. 1905

    This classic view looks upstream below the locks and above them, Willamette Falls. Learn More
  19. Looking Downstream Towards the New Oregon City Bridge

    Looking Downstream Towards the New Oregon City Bridge - c. 1888

    We can date this image by noting the presence of the suspension bridge, opened in 1888, and the absence of many paper mill buildings on the west shore, which were built shortly after the bridge was finished. Learn More
  20. Looking Over Oregon City Mills - Richard Prier

    Looking Over Oregon City Mills - circa 1891

    This picturesque view of industry looks over the steamboat pond, with its reflections of Portland Flouring Mill Company's Old Imperial Mills building, behind the power pole, and its lower river warehouse to the left. Learn More
  21. Mill Building in Ashland, Oregon

    Mill Building in Ashland, Oregon - c. 1898

    "Ashland Mills" on the building refers to the original name of the town, rather than to this particular mill. Learn More
  22. Mills & McLoughlin House at Willamette Falls - Watkins

    Mills & McLoughlin House at Willamette Falls - 1867

    This 1867 view of the mills at Willamette Falls is part of a series of stereoviews created by Carleton Watkins during his visit to Oregon that year. Learn More
  23. Mills & Power Stations at Willamette Falls

    Mills & Power Stations at Willamette Falls - 1918

    Part of a set of photos of the interior of the woolen mills at the falls, this view was titled "Source of Power, Oregon City Woolen Mills". Learn More
  24. Mills and Sternwheeler at Willamette Falls - Eddy

    Mills and Sternwheeler at Willamette Falls - c. 1915

    There's a lot going on, and a lot of crisp detail, in this glass plate negative created by Ralph Eddy of Oregon City in about 1915. Learn More
  25. Moehnke's Mill and Willamette - Eddy

    Moehnke's Mill and Willamette - c. 1914

    Moehnke's sawmill was located on the Willamette River above the Falls, and produced much of the lumber used to build the town of Willamette around 1900. Learn More
  26. Moehnke's Sawmill near Willamette

    Moehnke's Sawmill near Willamette - c. 1900

    This small sawmill was operated by the Moehnke family from 1892 through 1918. It was located on the Willamette River near the current site of the Blue Heron lagoon. Learn More
  27. New Construction at Paper Mills, Willamette Falls - Kelley

    New Construction at Paper Mills, Willamette Falls - 1906

    This rather chaotic view shows piles of lumber, wood pulp, cordwood and rocks as construction is completed for the new building in the left foreground. Learn More
  28. Oregon City Basin with Shoofly and Alice

    Oregon City Basin with Shoofly and Alice - c. 1873

    The Shoo-fly and the Alice were two of the last sternwheelers to be built above the Falls at Canemah, completed at about the time of the opening of the Willamette Falls Locks in 1873. Learn More
  29. Oregon City from the Bluff, Main St. Between 2nd & 3rd

    Oregon City from the Bluff, Main St. Between 2nd & 3rd - 1874

    This detailed early photo provides a good view of the mills in Oregon City, Willamette Falls, and the newly built locks on the other side of the river. Learn More
  30. Oregon City Woolen Mills

    Oregon City Woolen Mills - c. 1893

    This highly detailed view of the woolen mills and other structures on both sides of the river lends itself to larger format prints. Learn More
  31. Oregon City Woolen Mills Covered with Ivy - Prentiss

    Oregon City Woolen Mills Covered in Ivy - 1926

    By 1926 the Oregon City Woolen Mills' brick walls were completely covered in ivy, which was kept carefully trimmed around windows and doors and along the roofline. Learn More
  32. Oregon City Woolen Mills with New Station B - Culver Pictures

    Oregon City Woolen Mills with New Station B - c. 1895

    This sharp view of the Oregon City Woolen Mills is notable for two non-woolen mill details - the smaller initial Station B power plant, and the elaborate signage on Charman's store. Learn More
  33. Overview of a Small Saw Mill near Sandy - Douglass

    Overview of a Small Saw Mill near Sandy - c. 1910

    The original caption for this photo called it a "Typical Sandy Saw Mill", and it's likely there were a number of small, homestead-based mills like it in the Sandy area. Learn More
  34. Panorama of Hawley Pulp and Paper Mills - Harold M. Brown

    Panorama of Hawley Pulp and Paper Mills - c. 1925

    $25.00

    This very clear panorama of the Oregon City mills at Willamette Falls lends itself to larger prints; you'll notice that we offer it in sizes up to ten feet wide. Learn More
  35. Pulp & Paper Mills at Willamette Falls - NY Education Dept.

    Pulp & Paper Mills at Willamette Falls - 1929

    Prominent in this view of paper mills on both sides of the Willamette are the huge stacks of paper pulp, colored yellow in this 1929 hand-tinted glass slide. Learn More
  36. Rebuilding After the 1890 Flood, Willamette Falls - Crawford

    Rebuilding After the 1890 Flood, Willamette Falls

    The large flood of 1890 caused extensive damage to structures on both sides of the Willamette River at the Falls. In the foreground we see workers rebuilding the almost new mills on the west side. Learn More
  37. Rose City Cabinet Works, Portland

    Rose City Cabinet Works, Portland - c. 1924

    Drive belts run from a central electric motor to power the tools used to make cabinets in this northeast Portland shop at 1454 Sandy Blvd. Learn More
  38. Salmon Ready for Canning, Cathlamet - Ford

    Salmon Ready for Canning, Cathlamet - c. 1900

    There are a number of postcards and stereoviews showing similar scenes, but this image is recreated from a larger print by photographer John F. Ford. Learn More
  39. Sawmill Gang and Mill at Round Lake

    Sawmill Gang and Mill at Round Lake - c. 1905

    The muddy yard hints at the Pacific Northwest location of this small mill near Round Lake, north of Camas, Washington in Clark County. The term "gang" comes from the handwritten title on the original photo. Learn More
  40. Sinking of the Salem at 4th St. Dock, Oregon City

    Sinking of the Salem at 4th St. Dock, Oregon City - 1892

    This crisp photo shows the docks, a sternwheeler, paper mills on the west side of the river, and the results of an early mishap caused by venturing too close to Willamette Falls. Learn More
  41. Smelting Furnace, Oswego Iron Works - Watkins

    Smelting Furnace, Oswego Iron Works - 1867

    A view from the back of the first Oswego Iron Smelter captures a moving goat or two browsing the refuse pile. Learn More
  42. Spinning Room, Oregon City Woolen Mills

    Spinning Room, Oregon City Woolen Mills - 1918

    Wool that has been repeatedly carded is called roving. Loosely wound on spools it becomes the input for spinning. Learn More
  43. Standard Mills in Milwaukie

    Standard Mills in Milwaukie - c. 1895

    Built in 1860, Standard Mills was one of the largest and most important flour mills in early Oregon. Learn More
  44. Station A and Crown Paper Co. at Willamette Falls - Prier

    Station A and Crown Paper Co. at Willamette Falls - c. 1895

    This highly detailed photo by Oregon City photographer Richard Prier features the Station A power station on the Oregon City side, and the newly opened Crown Paper Company on the West Linn side of Willamette Falls. Learn More
  45. Station B Electric Plant, Willamette Falls

    Station B Electric Plant, Willamette Falls - c. 1895

    This image shows Station B shortly after it was opened in 1895. It first supplemented, and soon replaced, Station A on the other side of the river, to help meet Portland's growing demand for electricity. Learn More
  46. Sternwheeler N. R. Lang in Willamette Falls Locks
  47. Sternwheeler Ruth in Willamette Falls Locks

    Sternwheeler Ruth in Willamette Falls Locks c. 1897

    By 1897, the pulp and paper mill at Willamette Falls was booming, as can be seen in the background of this photo of the steamer Ruth in the locks. Learn More
  48. Stock Room, Oregon City Woolen Mills

    Stock Room, Oregon City Woolen Mills - 1918

    At one time Oregon City Woolen Mills supplied products to over five hundred of their own branded stores. Learn More
  49. T. W. Sullivan Power Plant, Willamette Falls

    T. W. Sullivan Power Plant, Willamette Falls - c. 1915

    Opened in 1895, "Station B", also known as the T. W. Sullivan Power Plant, was the second power plant at Willamette Falls, and today is the third oldest power plant in the United States. Learn More
  50. Tacoma Mill, Hanson and Company

    Tacoma Mill, Hanson and Company - c. 1900

    In 1868, Charles Hanson, a Danish sea captain and California mill owner, opened this Tacoma Mill and wharf. He was the first in Tacoma to ship internationally - initially to Peru and Australia. Learn More

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